The Allure Blog

Male to Female Bottom Surgery Results

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Male to Female Bottom Surgery Results – Transgender and intersex people take many different paths to becoming aware of their gender expression. Some do nothing and keep their gender identity and expression private. Some aspire to social transition, to tell others about their sexual identity, without medical intervention.

Many people only take hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Others will require HRT and various surgery degrees, including breast facial feminization surgery (FFS). They may also choose that bottom surgery is identified as genital surgery (SRS) or gender confirmation surgery (GCS).

Bottom surgery generally refers to:

  • Vaginoplasty
  • Phalloplasty
  • Metoidioplasty

Vaginoplasty is generally requested by transgender women and non-binary people AMAB (designated male at birth). At the same time, phalloplasty or cystoplasty is generally required by transgender men and non-binary people AFAM (designated female at birth).

What is Sex Reassignment Surgery_Why is Gender Affirmation Surgery Done?

People may have surgery so that their physical body matches their gender identity. People who choose gender affirmation surgery do so because they experience gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria is distress when the sex given at birth does not match to your gender identity.

MTF/MTN Buttom Surgery

Three main methods of vaginoplasty are performed today:

  • Penile inversion
  • rectosigmoid or colon graft
  • Vaginoplasty without penile inversion

In all three surgical methods, the clitoris is sculpted from the head of the penis.

Penile Inversion

Penile inversion consists of using the skin of the penis to form a new vagina. The labia majora and minora are mainly composed of scrotal tissue. This results in a sensual vagina and labia.

The main disadvantage is the lack of self-lubrication of the vaginal wall. Common variations include the use of remaining scrotal tissue as a graft to increase the depth of the vagina and the use of intact urethral mucosa salvaged from the penis for the line portion of the vagina, which creates some self-lubrication.

Rectosigmoid Vaginoplasty

A sigmoid-rectal vaginoplasty involves using bowel tissue to form the vaginal wall. This method is sometimes used in conjunction with penile inversion. Intestinal tissue helps when there is a lack of penile and scrotal tissue.

This method is often used for transgender women who started hormone therapy at puberty and have never been exposed to testosterone.

Intestinal tissue has the added advantage of being mucous and therefore self-lubricating. This technique is also used to reconstruct the vagina of cisgender women who have developed unusually short vaginal ducts.

Non-Penis Investment

Inversion without the penis is also known as the Soborn Technique (after Dr. Soborn invented it) or the Chonburi Technique.

This method uses a perforated scrotal tissue graft of the vaginal lining and healthy scrotal tissue of the labia majora (similar to a penile inversion). Penis tissue is use for the labia minora and clitoral hood.

Surgeons using this technique aim to increase the depth of the vagina, more delicate inner lips, and a better cosmetic appearance.

How to Prepare for Buttom Surgery

Before bottom surgery, most people need electrolysis. For vaginoplasty, hair will be removed from the skin, eventually forming the lining of the new vagina. For phalloplasty, hair is removed from the donor skin area.

Your surgeon will ask you to stop HRT two weeks before surgery and to abstain for two weeks after surgery. Talk to your surgeon about other medications you take regularly. They will also inform you if you must stop taking them before surgery.

Risks and Side Effects of Bottom Surgery

Vaginoplasty can lead to a loss of sensation in part or all of the new clitoris due to nerve damage. Some persons may experience a rectovaginal fistula, a severe problem opening the intestines into the vagina. Vaginal prolapse can also occur. However, all of these complications are relatively rare.

More commonly, people who have had vaginoplasty may experience slight enuresis, similar to what happens after childbirth. In many cases, this incontinence goes away after some time.

Complete cystoplasty and phalloplasty are dangerous for a urethral fistula or urethral stricture (blockage). Both can be repaired with simple follow-up surgery. Phalloplasty also risks donor skin rejection or infection at the donor site. With scrotoplasty, the body can reject testicular implants.

Vaginoplasty, rhinoplasty, and phalloplasty carry risks that the person may not be satisfied with the cosmetic outcome.


Transgenderism (ICD-10) or gender identity disorder (GD) (DSM-5) is characterized by extensive and also, persistent gender identification affecting various aspects of behavior. The terms describe a condition in which an individual’s gender identity differs from the external sexual anatomy at birth. Gender confirmation care, for those who want it, can include hormone therapy, confirmation surgeries, and other procedures such as waxing or speech therapy.